加沙
海水淡化
Middle East
Tuesday, 02 October 2018

加沙项目开发可能会产生昂贵的流量足迹

加沙水基础设施

ATHENS, Greece – Efforts continue to develop desperately needed water infrastructure in Gaza yet recent data shows that the wider engineering works could eventually lead to 24,000 lorriesdelivering goods to the site.

加沙重建计划科威特基金技术委员会副负责人强博利·阿尔莱赫(Rebhy Alsheikh)警告了“加沙的即将发生的环境和公共卫生崩溃”。
Speaking at the European Desalination Society (EDS) event – Desalination for the Environment: Clean Water and Energy – held in Athens, Alsheikh told delegates that the continued over abstraction of water due to unavailability of other water sources has meant “the water table is dropping all the time”.

目前的估计表明,大约96%的地下水资源不符合世界卫生组织(世卫组织)饮用水质量标准,不适合消费。
Alessandro Podda, project director and construction manager for the Italian company Lotti Ingegneria SpA said future challenges could include, among others, the “outbreak of renewed conflict” as well as “the worsening condition of groundwater resources”.

到目前为止已经概述了六个项目包。已经启动了两个包的招标,并在确保必要的资金后,剩下的将遵循。预计工程的建设将达到2022年。

为了提供重建所需的材料,管道和部件,加沙地带南部的过度点每周开放五天。货物交付并进行安全检查后,巴勒斯坦当局可以将材料应用于该网站。

因此,预计估计的24,200卡车将在总工程工程过程中提供材料。
今年3月,欧洲投资银行(EIB)在技术援助赠款中发出了710万欧元,以帮助实现15万M3 /天,反渗透脱盐发展的进展。

以前的财政支持来自世界银行,欧盟和科威特资金为阿拉伯经济发展,伊斯兰开发银行代表阿拉伯资金,欧盟和其他双边捐助者提供了相当大的承诺。

正在进行的海水淡化开发is part of the wider Gaza Sustainable Water Supply Program (GSWSP), which includes goals to increase fresh water supply by providing 150,000 m3/day.
上ce finished, the plan is to use existing and proposed reservoirs to blend water from the completed desalination plants, together with groundwater and the 54,800 m3/day expected to be supplied in the near future from Israel.

上e of the longer-term plans is to reduce the levels of non-revenue water over the Gaza strip to reach 20% per year by 2030. Interim targets include 31% by 2020 and 25% by 2025. Currently the NRW rate is estimated at 39%.

Podda补充说,进一步的挑战仍然仍然在“确保所需的能源供应中运行系统,这应该是以色列的主要原因”。

对于废水的开发,目前的估计显示,100,000 M3 /天的原始污水或治疗不良的流出物被排入大海。

To help overcome this challenge, a modern $75 million wastewater treatment plant was recently commissioned in North Gaza. Here’s a video from the World Bank which more information on the project: ‘Delivering Life-Saving Sanitation Services in Gaza’:


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