Anusha Shah气候紧急情况
城市用水
Coronavirus Covid-19
欧洲
2020年4月21日星期二
anusha.
Shah

Anusha Shah:为什么Covid-19将气候紧急情况置于视角

公共卫生优先考虑

去年,当我的丈夫和我看电影'contagion'时,我记得说,“如果这在我们的一生中发生了这一点吗?”快进一年,人类正面临其最大的公共卫生紧急情况之一,在Covid-19爆发方面。

到目前为止,今年是非凡的,在20世纪20年代,我国部分地区的一部分从最近一次的最严重的洪水中卷入。他们说困难来自三个,但对于我们来说,有一个第四个,风暴席亚拉,风暴丹尼斯,风暴乔治和科迪德 - 19。

我害怕思考如果英国北部发生在3月北部发生的洪水会发生什么。环境署(ea),风险管理机构,紧急机构和志愿者的工作将承担难以想象的比例的复杂性。

Having said that, we don’t know for how long this pandemic will last, as per theWorld Economic Forum, combination of urbanisation, climate change and a hyper-connected society means infectious disease epidemics are likely to become more common.

Environmentalists like Dr Enric Sala warn that we will continue to havemore pandemicsif we continue the practices of destroying the natural world. With climate change continuing to bring frequent and high intensity storms and likelihood of the pandemic wave either continuing or returning, we need to be prepared and include public health as a major consideration in flood risk management and resilience plans.

The EA has already moved from flood risk management to flood resilience through its draft National Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management strategy, a great step in the right direction.

洪水恢复力需要一揽子措施,从自然洪水管理,硬洪水防御,临时障碍,财产洪水恢复力,可持续城市排水系统,洪水警告到社区恢复力。Covid-19爆发只强调了将公共卫生放在该框架的核心中的需要。

Preparing by investing into resilience

The last few years have demonstrated that perfect storms and multiple hazards don’t necessarily happen only in the movies. Fukushima, Japan in 2011 was hit by an earthquake of 8.9 magnitude, followed by a monumental tsunami, and a nuclear meltdown in harsh weather conditions. Japan or any other country for that matter would not have known what hit them.

我们再也不能假设这种灾难只发生在遥远的地方。我们应该从其他国家迅速学习,准备,并事先投资恢复力。这种思维需要成为计划系统的一个组成部分。

The need to look at different types of resilience - urban, pandemic, water, flood, supply chain, earthquake, typhoon, cyber, etc. in an integrated way, has only been necessitated by the ongoing pandemic.

截至目前,我们目睹了健康和供应链危机,但气候变化事件像热浪或洪水一样可能就在拐角处,并且可以添加另一层复杂性。

“生物体如此微小,看不见的肉眼,使我们的世界带来了磨削,我们无法得到更响亮和更合适的唤醒电话。”

我们的世界级运输系统撒谎未使用,商业房地产是空的,既有大型企业和中小企业都在困境,我们的生活几乎没有任何方面,不受影响。

生物体如此微小,看不见的肉眼已经将我们的世界带来了磨削,我们无法获得更响亮和更合适的唤醒电话。如果我们现在仍然没有投资恢复力,我们将失去不仅仅是经济竞争力而失去比赛,而且还失去了对待我们人口健康和安全的社会。

从中国海绵城市计划学习

Water sustains life but can cause havoc too. Covid-19 brings to attention another important dimension, the need to have undisrupted, safe and good quality water. Piet Dircke, global water & resilience leader atArcadis恰当地突出了他的blog.

按照the National Audit Office report 2020, England is set to face droughts in 20 years due to climate breakdown if action is not taken. With extreme floods and water crisis on the horizon coupled with the risk of increasing pandemics, holistic water management becomes essential.

这是关于我们将水作为可重复使用的商品,并从新加坡和武汉等城市。新加坡正在广泛使用雨水,他们的哲学'收集每一滴水,无休止地再用水'正在帮助他们为未来确保可持续的供水。

Wuhan may be in the news for wrong reasons but it’s time to learn from their sponge city programme.Arcadis正在与武汉水务局合作升级城市的城市排水,保留有价值的水资源,利用自然系统来实现排水和保留。

武汉拥有带有海绵特点的公共空间,学校和住宅区。这些功能通过土壤渗透吸收过度的降雨,并在地下隧道和储罐中保留它,只有龙水平足够低,只能将其放入河中。在水危机的时候,这些生态友好的系统将是宝贵的。

这些方法在水保留,健康,福祉,碳封存,清洁空气和热波中的温度下降方面的多种优势得到了充分的记录。这些方法与洪水防御和其他措施相结合,如社区恢复力,可以使城市适应气候变化事件的组合。

anusha.Shah Xinyuexie Park

武汉新悦西公园的渲染旨在保护和改善雨水管理。照片:obermeyer.

These ideas may seem far-fetched and complex to implement but we need to realise that our world has changed, more than ever we need to make swift decisions on holistic water management.

从下雨的地方开始到它最终在海洋/海洋中的地区,我们需要尽可能多地通过声音集水管理和蓝绿基础设施方法浸泡。我们拥有解决方案和专业建议,我们需要的是节奏,将删除支持新思维方式的官僚障碍和驱动政策。

“冠状病毒账单在一天内通过而不反对过。它证明,当有政治意愿时,可以迅速制定决定。这是我们对待类似的紧迫性和优先事项的气候变化很大。“

我们还能做什么?

  • In addition to emergency response and rescue planning, prioritise building urban resilience with a more systematic and long-term approach. As we have fire drills, we should start having drills that prepare us for multiple hazards such as floods, pandemics and break down of essential services like electricity, water, internet, telecommunications etc.

  • Determine interrelationships between critical infrastructure elements and how they can breakdown under various hazard scenarios and then devise solutions for the entire system accordingly

  • Re-design infrastructure and public spaces from a public health perspective. Modify the existing and old buildings in a way that they can be readily converted into a hospital or isolation centre for flood victims. Traditional evacuation centres will be unsuitable because of the need to separate/ isolate people

  • 构建不仅可以减少碳的多功能基础设施,而且也可以快速适应提供不同的需求。这种多功能性也可以帮助酒店和其他房地产在活动期间与业务连续性。我们需要使可持续性和恢复能力在一起

  • Social distancing will mean people struggling on their own to clean up post flood events. Engineers and environmental scientists will need to work alongside epidemiologists, doctors and communities to design infrastructure that is fit for the ‘new purpose’

  • 承担个人责任打破孤岛,在全球范围内跨行,组织和城市合作。我们面临的问题是多方面的,决议将需要系统方法和全球学习

  • 减少国际对必需品制造的依赖,以避免供应链问题。世界第五大经济体正在等待60 ventilatorsfrom Germany while we continue to lose brave doctors and nurses because of the lack of PPE. Local manufacturing will not only save lives but also create jobs, make us self-reliant in such emergencies, help maintain environmental and social standards leave alone reduce transport related GHG emissions

  • 利用开放空间,尽可能利用雨水保留。例如,未来使用电动汽车的使用增加将留下大型空停车位,我们需要抓住机遇,并将这些空间用作“海绵”来存储和保留危机时代的水

  • While the focus is on health and supply chains right now, the process of fundamentally altering our behaviour can’t be underestimated, as illustrated by remote working. The positive impacts in the form of reduced air and water pollution and the subsequent impact on biodiversity is already evident. Intermittent fasting gives our body a break and detoxifies it, we need to give similar breaks to our cities and countries, this will go a long way in reducing our carbon footprint and serve as a reminder that we need to preserve other species who we share this planet with

  • We need stronger collaboration between the government, private sector and communities. Dyson designed a new ventilator in 10 days aiming to produce 15,000 ventilators, General Motors is manufacturing 30,000 ventilators in the United States.3D Crowd UK’s ‘Big Print’倡议正在生产成千上万的面具。凭借明确的目标,各种各样的派对可以在引发创新时协作和移动。在气候紧急情况下需要类似的战争基础努力

  • The global pandemic is forcing us to re-look at our current economic models and seek new ones, we are experiencing that old economic models are no longer fit for purpose. We need sustainable economic models that take into account financial, social and environmental parameters that meet the core needs of both the people as well as the planet. Amsterdam is already embracing the‘doughnut’model to mend its post-coronavirus economy

  • Make our critical infrastructure more resilient to public health crisis. Novel coronavirus has been detected in废水在荷兰,这可以一方面有助于追踪感染,但对附近的工人带来风险。我们需要更严格的控制,教育和培训,使他们意识到这种风险

  • 按照国际建筑费用2020年report byArcadis由于Covid-19引起的全球破坏,存在损失气候行动的势头风险。我们需要推动低碳和弹性基础设施,以优先于任何刺激计划,以避免经济恢复的排放升级。这假设更重要的是,随着气候变化的外交事件已经被推迟了

  • Prepare, support and train diverse communities for all types of events by building community resilience using media, culture, arts, music, faith groups, etc.

  • 在决策中包括各种劳动力。Covid-19也不是气候变化都没有显示任何歧视,绝对重要的是我们对健康和安全国家有非歧视性解决方案

  • 有强大的机制来处理不忠实和假新闻。我们已经看到了谣言和宣传围绕这种灾难可以进一步复杂化已经复杂的情况并剥夺救援和康复工作

  • Last but not the least, plan, design and build infrastructure and systems for the old and the vulnerable in our societies who are worst struck by such events. This will invariably provide benefits for everyone leave alone help address social inequality.

These suggestions are by no means exhaustive, more can be debated and explored, especially at the governance level.

Learning from nature’s big pause

The current crisis is showing us that healthy people drive healthy economies and for sustainable human health we need a healthy ecosystem. Climate emergency places a huge risk to our healthy ecosystem. We have once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to learn lessons from the Covid-19 outbreak and treat climate emergency as an emergency in true sense of the word.

大自然给了我们一个大暂停,世界已经走到了一个停滞不前。如果我们现在不学习,我们永远不会。我们要么继续生活和工作,我们在气候行动的小渐进步骤中,我们思考卫生,社会价值,环境和经济之间的互连,以及完全大修我们的个人和专业生活。我相信这是后者,因为我们不再有选择了。

The next event may not even give us the luxury of time to think, plan and act.

anusha.Shah

anusha.Shah

主任弹性城市
Arcadis UK

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